Just after posting this, I read an article about students dropping out in NY. One way by which students can drop out is for the student, parents, teachers, counselors and principal to meet together, at which time the parents can "sign out" the student.
The article's author wrote this line, "School administrators and staff do their best to talk them out of this because they know it can have long term effects on the teenager" (my emphasis).
Does the teenager NOT know this? Does the teenager know it and not care? Know and choose in favor of the short-run? Or, possibly, are the school staff wrong?